- 1788 – Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the the Constitution of the United States of America.
- 1789 – The mutiny on the HMS Bounty occurred, as Fletcher Christian and the crew of the British ship set Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a small open boat in the South Pacific.
- 1896 – The Addressograph was patented by J.S. Duncan of Sioux City, Iowa.
- 1919 – The League of Nations was founded.
- 1932 – A vaccine against yellow fever was announced.
- 1945 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed as they attempted to flee the country.
- 1947 – Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl and five others set out in a balsa wood craft known as Kon Tiki to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in Polynesia.
- 1952 – The war with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other nations took effect.
- 1967 – Muhammad Ali refused induction into the U.S. Army and was stripped of his boxing title.
- 1969 – French President Charles de Gaulle resigned.
- 1987 – For the first time, a compact disc of an album was released before its vinyl counterpart: “The Art of Excellence” byTony Bennett.
- 1989 – The Occupational Safety and Health Act was passed.
- 1990 – The musical “A Chorus Line” closed after 6137 performances on Broadway.
- 1994 – Northwestern University announced the discovery of the gene that controls the “biological clock” (circadian rhythm).
- 2001 – A Russian rocket took off with the first space tourist, California businessman Dennis Tito, taking him and two cosmonauts to the International Space Station.
- 1442 – Edward IV, king of England (1461-1470, 1471-1483), first king of the House of York.
- 1758 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States of America (1817-1825).
- 1878 – Lionel Barrymore, American actor.
- 1886 – Erich Salomon, German photographer, founder of photojournalism.
- 1916 – Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian car manufacturer.
- 1950 – Jay Leno, American comedian, TV talk show host.
- 1918 – Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian revolutionary assassin who caused World War I by killing Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife.
- 1945 – Benito Mussolini, Italian prime minister and fascist dictator.
If you were born this day, Happy Birthday!
If you died this day, my condolences.
Absolutely Mind Boggling!