Fact of the Day: bubble gum
Walter Diemer was an accountant working for the Fleer Chewing Gum Co. when he accidentally invented bubble gum in 1928. While experimenting with different recipes during his spare time, he came up with a formula that blew firm, dry bubbles and easily peeled off the face after popping. The first batch of the bubble gum was colorless. Diemer added some pink food coloring to the second batch because it was the only color on hand. When “Double Bubble” was introduced later that year, the pink coloring was kept. Most bubble gum today is still pink.
Feast day of St. Catherine of Siena, St. Wilfrid the Younger, St. Hugh of Cluny, St. Endellion, St. Joseph Cottolengo, St. Robert of Molesme, and St. Peter the Martyr.
Japan: Greenery Day.
1429 – Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead a victory over the English.
1813 – A patent for rubber was given to J.F. Hummel of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1852 – The first edition of Peter Roget‘s “Thesaurus” was published.
1854 – Ashmun Institute, the first college founded solely for African-American students, was officially chartered.
1861 – Maryland voted against seceding from the Union.
1862 – New Orleans fell to Union forces during the Civil War.
1864 – Theta Xi, a fraternity, was founded — in Troy, New York.
1913 – Swedish-born U.S. inventor Gideon Sundback patented the zipper.
1945 – American soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp, the first concentration camp established by the Nazi regime.
1945 – Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun and designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor. Hitler killed himself the next day.
1946 – Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted as war criminals.
1992 – Four white policemen in Los Angeles were acquitted of beating Rodney King, a black motorist, despite videotape evidence.
2003 – The Palestinian parliament approved Mahmoud Abbas as prime minister.
1792 – Matthew Vassar, American, brewer, founder and namesake of Vassar College.
1818 – Alexander II, Russian emperor (1855-81), emancipated the serfs in 1861.
1863 – William Randolph Hearst, American publishing magnate.
1899 – Duke (Edward Kennedy) Ellington, American jazz musician, bandleader.
1901 – Hirohito, Japan‘s longest reigning emperor (1926-1989).
1936 – Zubin Mehta, Indian-born American conductor, and son of Mehli Mehta, founder of the Bombay Symphony.
1951 – Dale Earnhardt, stock car driver, with one of the most successful careers in motorsports.
1954 – Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian and television celebrity.
1970 – Andre Agassi, professional tennis player.